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Medical Blog

Head and Neck Cancer


Cancer that develops in the throat, mouth, salivary glands, nose or other areas of the head and neck is defined as head and neck cancer. Most of the cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma and begin in the lining of the throat, mouth, and nose. And others may develop in the salivary gland and skin of the head and neck area. Are you searching for the best ENT hospital in Gurgaon for head and neck cancer? You can visit Mayom Hospital in Gurgaon.

Types of head and neck cancer:

  • Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer
  • Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer.
  • Oral and oropharyngeal cancer
  • Salivary gland cancer


Symptoms of head and neck cancer:

  • Difficulty in swallowing, chewing
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Red and white patches in the mouth
  • Lump and bump in the neck or head area with or without pain
  • Persistent bad mouth odor
  • Voice change
  • Weakness or numbness
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained body loss
  • Loosening of teeth


Causes of head and neck cancer:

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Using tobacco such as cigarettes, pipes, chewing tobacco, and cigars
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)


How head and neck cancer diagnosed:

  • Physical examination/blood and urine tests
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Molecular testing of the tumor
  • X-ray/barium swallow
  • Panoramic radiograph
  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan/li>
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Bone scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

After the tests are done, your doctor will tell you about all the results with you. If cancer is diagnosed, the doctor describes you about the treatment. In most of the cases, only by doing the biopsy, the doctor gets to know if an area of the body has cancer or not.

Treatment of head and neck cancer:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy

Management of head and neck cancer often need a team of doctors and other medical professionals, including nutritionists/dieticians and speech-language pathologists.
For more information, you can visit Mayom Hospital, the best hospital in Gurgaon and consult Dr. Manish Prakash, the ENT specialist in Gurgaon.

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